CBT is a psycho-social intervention that aims to improve mental health. CBT focuses on challenging and changing unhelpful cognitive distortions (e.g. thoughts, beliefs, and attitudes) and behaviours, improving emotional regulation and the development of personal coping strategies that target solving current problems.
Originally, it was designed to treat depression, but its use has been expanded to include treatment of a number of mental health conditions, including anxiety.
What are complementary and alternative medicines (CAMs)?
They are ways of treating illness that have developed outside the mainstream of modern medicine. Many are traditional remedies that have developed in different cultures over the centuries. They include:
All these treatments can be used on their own, or with conventional medicine.
ECT, formerly known as electroshock therapy, and often referred to as shock treatment, is a psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients to provide relief from mental disorders.
The ECT procedure was first conducted in 1938 and is the only currently used form of shock therapy in psychiatry. ECT is often used with informed consent as a last line of intervention for major depressive disorder, mania, and catatonia.
EFL views the horse as a sentient being, with many similarities to humans in how they respond to threats when they see them coming.
However, they can let go of the stress response more easily when the threat has passed, whereas we hang onto the stress and allow our minds to over analysis things for a long time after it has finished.
Horses do not think about what will happen tomorrow; they have no fear and life is good.
EFP is an experiential and hands-on psychotherapeutic intervention involving horses as co-therapists. Depending on your identified needs, your treatment plan may include equine therapy.
Research shows Equine Therapy can work with those affected by addictions, emotional trauma (including PTSD and dissociative process), A typical behaviours, self-worth issues, abuse, eating disorders, learning difficulties, anxiety and depression.
Psychotherapy is the use of psychological methods, particularly when based on regular personal interaction, to help a person change behaviour and overcome problems in desired ways.
Psychotherapy aims to improve an individual's well-being and mental health, to resolve or mitigate troublesome behaviours, beliefs, compulsions, thoughts, or emotions, and to improve relationships and social skills. Certain psychotherapies are considered evidence-based for treating some diagnosed mental disorders.
What is EMDR?
Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, also know as EMDR is a fairly new form of psychotherapy in which negative emotions associated with distressing memories or traumatic events are diminished.
EMDR works well with people who are suffering with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) or with people who have distressing memories which may be contributing to the client’s negative self-concepts and behaviours.
As a bit of background to EMDR, Francine Shapiro developed EMDR in 1987 when examining how ‘the mind can often heal itself naturally, in the same way the body does.
Much of this natural coping mechanism occurs during sleep, particularly during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep’ (Vivyan, C, EMDR, 2000-2018, 21/03/2019, https://www.getselfhelp.co.uk/emdr/htm).
What is the Rewind Technique?
The rewind technique is used as a fast and effective way to treat clients who have experienced traumatic (PTSD) or painful emotional events.
It is considered safe as the client does not need to discuss the event with the practitioner, they only need to rate the fear/negative emotions or distress currently related to that event. The practitioner then makes note of that figure to see whether the rewind technique has been effective on that client.
What is Hypnotherapy?
Hypnotherapy is the therapy that induces a state of deep relaxation then provides positive suggestion to bring about subconscious changes to our thoughts, feelings and behaviour. Only a certified hypnotherapist should perform all process.
When you are in hypnotic state, you are totally in control of yourself. But, your subconscious mind is able to receive and respond to suggestions better. This allows you to explore your underlying thoughts, feelings and memories that might have hidden from your conscious mind. Then enables you to address underlying causes and get rid of negative feelings or perceive something differently. For example, shifting your awareness to reduce anxious feelings and pain.
What is Counselling?
Counselling is a talking therapy that involves a trained therapist listening to you and helping you find ways to deal with emotional issues.
Sometimes the term "counselling" is used to refer to talking therapies in general, but counselling is also a type of therapy in its own right.
What can counselling help with?
Counselling can help you cope with:
What to expect from counselling
At your appointment, you'll be encouraged to talk about your feelings and emotions with a trained therapist, who'll listen and support you without judging or criticising.
The therapist can help you gain a better understanding of your feelings and thought processes, and find your own solutions to problems. But they won't usually give advice or tell you what to do.
Counselling can take place:
You may be offered a single session of counselling, a short course of sessions over a few weeks or months, or a longer course that lasts for several months or years.
It can take a number of sessions before you start to see progress, but you should gradually start to feel better with the help and support of your therapist.
What is Coaching?
Broadly speaking coaching is a process that allows an individual or group of people to reflect and gain awareness of who they are, what is important to them, their strengths, challenges, options open to them and what action to take in order to make the changes they want in their work or life.
Unlike training and instruction where the emphasis is on the trainer imparting their knowledge to you, coaching focuses on helping the coachee to take responsibility for identifying their own goals, assessing their own strengths and areas for development and identifying their own solutions for moving forwards.
This is achieved by the coach providing a safe, creative and non-judgemental space, asking thought-provoking questions and listening to help the coachee explore, reflect and make decisions.
People engage in coaching for a variety of reasons. It can help you to make changes in your life, business or career, improve your performance, enhance your relationships with others or develop specific skills.
To further clarify exactly what is coaching, here are a couple of definitions from industry experts:
"Coaching is unlocking a person’s potential to maximise their own performance. It is helping them learn rather than teaching them" (Whitmore, J, 2004)
Coaching is 'a process that enables learning and development to occur and thus performance to improve. To be successful, a coach requires a knowledge and understanding of process as well as the variety of styles, skills, and techniques that are appropriate to the context in which coaching takes place'. (Parsloe, Eric 1999)
The ICF (International Coaching Federation) defines coaching as 'Partnering with clients in a thought-provoking and creative process that inspires them to maximise their personal and professional potential' .
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